PNGTreesKey – Terminalia kaernbachii Warb.
Barry Conn (NSW) & Kipiro Damas (LAE).
Guide to trees of Papua New Guinea
Copyright held by the authors, National Herbarium of New South Wales, and Papua New Guinea National Herbarium
Botanische Jahrbucher für Systematik, Pflanzengeschichte und Pflanzengeographie Vol. 18: 201 (1893)
Other Literature: M.J.E. Coode, Handbooks of the Flora of Papua New Guinea 82-83 (1978) Fig. 19-35.
Timber Group: Occasional timber species (Used for flooring, veneers) Tradename: Red-brown Terminalia
Field Characters: Small sub-canopy tree (up to c. 20 m high); Bole cylindrical; straight; buttresses usually buttresses present; spines spines absent; aerial roots aerial roots absent; stilt roots stilt roots absent; Bark grey, smooth, terminal buds not enclosed by leaves.
Indumentum: Complex hairs absent; stinging hairs absent; mature twig indumentum (hairs) present when young or later absent, hairs dense to sparse.
Leaves: Leaves clustered at end of branches, spiral (leaves occurring singly at a node and arranged spirally up the branchlet), simple (a leaf composed of a single blade); petiole present, not winged, attached to base of leaf blade, not swollen; leaves broadest above middle, 15.0-28.0 cm, 6.0-13.0 cm; symmetric, entire, not dissected or lobed, acute, venation pinnate, secondary veins open, prominent, intramarginal veins absent; leaves lower surface green to red (greenish because of brownish red hairs), upper surface green, indumentum (hairs) present, indumentum (hairs) dense; absent; domatia absent; stipules absent.
Flowers: Inflorescence axillary, flowers on an unbranched axis, cones absent; flowers unisexual and bisexual, unisexual with male and female flowers on the same plant, stalked, flowers with many planes of symmetry, 8.0-10.0 mm long, diameter small (up to10 mm diam.); perianth present, with all sepals and/or petals (hence tepals) similar, inner perianth pale green; 5, some or partly joined; stamens 10, present, free of each other, joined to the perianth; ovary inferior, carpels joined (when more than one), locules 1; styles solitary, 1.
Fruits: Infrutescence arranged on unbranched axis, fruit 90.0-110.0 mm long, red, not spiny, fleshy, simple, indehiscent, drupe; seeds 1, much more than 10 mm long, not winged, broad (as wide as long), seed more than 10 mm diam.
Distribution: Madang, Morobe, Western, Gulf, Central, Northern & Bougainville.
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