PNGTreesKey – Nothofagus carrii Steenis


Barry Conn (NSW) & Kipiro Damas (LAE).
Guide to trees of Papua New Guinea
Copyright held by the authors, National Herbarium of New South Wales, and Papua New Guinea National Herbarium

Nothofagus carrii Steenis

Blumea Vol. 7: 147 (1952)

Other Literature: C.G.G.J. van Steenis, Journal of the Arnold Arboretum 359 (1953) Fig. 3-9.

Family: Nothofagaceae

Timber Group: Major exportable hardwood

Field Characters: Large canopy tree (20-45 m high); Bole cylindrical (25-130 cm diam.); straight (bole 18-24 m long); buttresses buttresses present (sometimes buttresses up to 2.5 m high) or buttresses absent; spines spines absent; aerial roots aerial roots absent; stilt roots stilt roots absent; Bark pale yellow or grey (often silvery coloured), rough, scaly or flaky or pustular, lenticels rounded/swelling; less than 25 mm thick, 10.0 (c.); bark blaze consisting of one layer; faintly to non-aromatic; outer blaze yellow (pale (initially cream-coloured), pale orange, pink, or pale red, markings absent, fibrous; inner blaze yellow (pale (initially cream-coloured), pale orange, pink, or pale red, markings absent, fibrous; bark exudate (sap) absent; terminal buds not enclosed by leaves.

Indumentum: Complex hairs absent; stinging hairs absent; mature twig indumentum (hairs) absent.

Leaves: Leaves spaced along branches, spiral (leaves occurring singly at a node and arranged spirally up the branchlet), simple (a leaf composed of a single blade); petiole present (2.5-5 mm long), not winged, attached to base of leaf blade, not swollen; leaves broadest above middle or broadest at or near middle, 2.0-6.0 cm, 1.0-3.0 cm; symmetric, entire, not dissected or lobed, emarginate or retuse, venation pinnate, secondary veins open, prominent (5-7 pairs), intramarginal veins absent; leaves lower surface pale green, upper surface dark green (sub-glossy), indumentum (hairs) absent; absent; domatia absent; stipules present, free, laterally placed, not encircling the twig, leafy (peltately attached), not fringed, large, not persistent.

Flowers: Inflorescence axillary, flowers single (female) or flowers on an unbranched axis (male in 3s (flowers surrounded by a cupule), cones absent; flowers unisexual, unisexual with male and female flowers on the same plant, not stalked (female) or stalked (male), flowers slightly asymmetric, 3.5-5.0 mm long, diameter small (up to10 mm diam.) (c. 3 mm diam.); perianth present, with all sepals and/or petals (hence tepals) similar (perianth usually 6-lobed), inner perianth pale green; 6 (-9), some or partly joined; stamens 10 (c.), present, free of each other, free of the perianth; ovary inferior, carpels joined (when more than one), locules 2-6 (-9); styles solitary (1-1.5 mm long), 1.

Fruits: Infrutescence arranged on unbranched axis, fruit 7.0-11.0 mm long, 4.0-5.0 mm diam., red or brown, not spiny, non-fleshy, simple, indehiscent, nut; seeds 1, to about 5 mm long, not winged, broad (as wide as long), seed 1-10 mm diam.

Distribution: West Sepik, Morobe, Western Highlands, Eastern Highlands, Southern Highlands, Central, Milne Bay & Papuan Islands.

Nothofagus carrii
Botanical records
in PNGplants database

Map details


Notes: Notes This species has traditionally been included in the family Fagaceae.