PNGTreesKey – Mangifera minor Blume


Barry Conn (NSW) & Kipiro Damas (LAE).
Guide to trees of Papua New Guinea
Copyright held by the authors, National Herbarium of New South Wales, and Papua New Guinea National Herbarium

Mangifera minor Blume

Museum Botanicum Lugduno-Batavum sive stirpium Exoticarum, Novarum vel Minus Cognitarum ex Vivis aut Siccis Brevis Expositio et Descriptio Vol. 1: 198 (1850)

Other Literature: Ding Hou, Flora Malesiana, Series 1, 428-429 (1978)

Family: Anacardiaceae

Timber Group: Commercial hardwood Tradename: Mango

Field Characters: Large canopy tree (20-35 m high) or Small sub-canopy tree (c. 10 m high); Bole cylindrical (almost up to 50 cm diam.); slightly crooked or straight (bole usually 4-15 m long); buttresses buttresses present (sometimes slightly so); spines spines absent; aerial roots aerial roots absent; stilt roots stilt roots absent; Bark dark grey or brown, rough or almost smooth, fissured (strongly (vertically); Subrhytidome (under-bark) yellow (bright yellow to straw-coloured), orange, or mottled (green); less than 25 mm thick, 80.0 (c.); bark blaze consisting of one layer or faintly with two layers; faintly to non-aromatic; outer blaze pale yellow, markings absent, fibrous; inner blaze yellowish white or yellow (generally paler than outer blaze), markings absent, fibrous; bark exudate (sap) present, white/milky, not readily flowing (spotty), slightly colour changing on exposure to air, to grey (pale (dirty-coloured), sticky; terminal buds not enclosed by leaves.

Indumentum: Complex hairs absent; stinging hairs absent; mature twig indumentum (hairs) absent.

Leaves: Leaves spaced along branches, spiral (leaves occurring singly at a node and arranged spirally up the branchlet), simple (a leaf composed of a single blade); petiole present, not winged, attached to base of leaf blade, not swollen; leaves sometimes broadest above middle or broadest at or near middle, 12.0-19.0 cm, 3.5-5.5 cm; symmetric, entire, not dissected or lobed, obtuse, sub acute, or acuminate, venation pinnate, secondary veins open, prominent, intramarginal veins absent; leaves lower surface green, upper surface dark green, indumentum (hairs) absent; absent; domatia absent; stipules absent.

Flowers: Inflorescence terminal or sometimes axillary, flowers on a branched axis, cones absent; flowers unisexual or bisexual, unisexual with male and female flowers on the same plant (male flowers together with bisexual flowers), stalked, flowers with many planes of symmetry, 5.0-6.0 mm long, diameter small (up to10 mm diam.) (c. 6 mm diameter); perianth present, with distinct sepals and petals whorls, inner perianth yellow (fragrant); 4-5, free; stamens 5, present, free of each other, free of the perianth; ovary superior, carpels joined (when more than one), locules 1; styles solitary, 1.

Fruits: Infrutescence arranged on branched axis, fruit 50.0-110.0 mm long, darkish green, not spiny, fleshy, simple, indehiscent, drupe; seeds 1, much more than 10 mm long (c. 50 mm long), not winged, broad (as wide as long), seed more than 10 mm diam. (c. 40 mm diameter).

Description complete.

Distribution: West Sepik, East Sepik, Madang, Morobe, Western Highlands, Eastern Highlands, Southern Highlands, Western, Gulf, Central, Northern, Milne Bay, Papuan Islands, New Britain & Bougainville.

Mangifera minor
Botanical records
in PNGplants database

Map details