PNGTreesKey – Magnolia candollii (Blume) H.Keng


Barry Conn (NSW) & Kipiro Damas (LAE).
Guide to trees of Papua New Guinea
Copyright held by the authors, National Herbarium of New South Wales, and Papua New Guinea National Herbarium

Magnolia candollii (Blume) H.Keng

Garden's Bulletin Singapore Vol. 31: 129 (1978)

Other Literature: J.R. Croft, Handbooks of the Flora of Papua New Guinea 132-134 (1978) Fig. 66 (as Talauma oreadum Diels).

Family: Magnoliaceae

Timber Group: Non-timber species

Field Characters: Large canopy tree (rarely up to 25 m high) or Small sub-canopy tree; Bole cylindrical (up to c. 50 cm diam.); straight (bole up to c. 18 m long); buttresses buttresses absent; spines spines absent; aerial roots aerial roots absent; stilt roots stilt roots absent; Bark grey or pale brown, rough, fissured; Subrhytidome (under-bark) green; bark blaze with two layers; faintly to non-aromatic; spice-like (faintly (pepper-like aroma); outer blaze white, yellow (pale (cream-coloured), pale orange, or slightly brown, markings absent; inner blaze white or yellow (pale (straw-coloured), markings absent; bark exudate (sap) absent; terminal buds not enclosed by leaves.

Indumentum: Complex hairs absent; stinging hairs absent; mature twig indumentum (hairs) present, hairs sparse.

Leaves: Leaves spaced along branches, spiral (leaves occurring singly at a node and arranged spirally up the branchlet), simple (a leaf composed of a single blade); petiole present, not winged, attached to base of leaf blade, not swollen or swollen (often (at base); leaves sometimes broadest above middle, usually broadest at or near middle, or sometimes broadest below middle, (6.0-) 10.0-35.0 (-46.0) cm, 3.0-15.0 (-20.0) cm; symmetric, entire, not dissected or lobed, acuminate, venation pinnate, secondary veins open, prominent, intramarginal veins absent; leaves lower surface green, upper surface dull dark green, indumentum (hairs) present, indumentum (hairs) dense or sparse; absent; domatia absent; stipules absent.

Flowers: Inflorescence terminal, flowers single, cones absent; flowers bisexual, stalked, flowers with many planes of symmetry, 15.0-50.0 (-65.0) mm long, diameter large (more than10 mm diam.) (20-30 mm diam.); perianth present, with all sepals and/or petals (hence tepals) similar, inner perianth white or cream-coloured; 6-(outer perianth 3)-9, free; stamens 8-13 (-15), absent, free of each other, free of the perianth; ovary superior, carpels separate (when more than one), locules 1; styles free, 5-(at least)-50.

Fruits: Infrutescence single, fruit 40.0-75.0 (-85.0) mm long, 55.0 mm diam., red or brown, not spiny, non-fleshy, aggregate, dehiscent, capsule (opening at top (circumscissile) of fertilised carpel); seeds 1-(per carpel)-2, about 10 mm long or much more than 10 mm long (6-20 mm long), not winged, narrow (longer than wide), seed 1-10 mm diam. (7-10 mm diam.).

Distribution: West Sepik, Morobe, Eastern Highlands & Southern Highlands.

Magnolia candollii
Botanical records
in PNGplants database

Map details


Notes: Notes Previously known as Talauma oreadum Diels.