PNGTreesKey – Garcinia maluensis Lauterb.


Barry Conn (NSW) & Kipiro Damas (LAE).
Guide to trees of Papua New Guinea
Copyright held by the authors, National Herbarium of New South Wales, and Papua New Guinea National Herbarium

Garcinia maluensis Lauterb.

Botanische Jahrbucher für Systematik, Pflanzengeschichte und Pflanzengeographie Vol. 58: 37 (1922)

Family: Clusiaceae

Timber Group: Non-timber species

Field Characters: Small sub-canopy tree (up to c. 12 m high); Bole cylindrical (up to c. 15 cm diam.); straight (bole short, with trunk branching from near base); buttresses buttresses absent; spines spines absent; aerial roots aerial roots absent; stilt roots stilt roots absent; Bark red or brown, slightly rough or smooth, slightly pustular, lenticels irregular; Subrhytidome (under-bark) brown or red; less than 25 mm thick, 10.0-14.0; bark blaze consisting of one layer; strongly aromatic or faintly to non-aromatic; pleasant; outer blaze red or brown, markings absent, granular without splinters; inner blaze red or brown, markings absent, granular without splinters; bark exudate (sap) present, yellow, flowing, colour not changing on exposure to air, sticky; terminal buds not enclosed by leaves.

Indumentum: Complex hairs absent; stinging hairs absent; mature twig indumentum (hairs) absent.

Leaves: Leaves spaced along branches, opposite (in pairs, opposite one another on the branchlet), simple (a leaf composed of a single blade); petiole present, not winged, attached to base of leaf blade, not swollen; leaves broadest at or near middle or equally broad throughout much of length, (5.0-) 8.5-20.0 cm, (2.0-) 3.0-5.5 cm; symmetric, entire, not dissected or lobed, acuminate, venation pinnate, secondary veins open, not prominent, but visible, intramarginal veins absent; leaves lower surface blue-green (slightly glaucous) or pale green, upper surface dark green, indumentum (hairs) absent; absent; domatia absent; stipules absent.

Flowers: Inflorescence terminal or axillary (distally), flowers single or flowers on a branched axis, cones absent; flowers bisexual, stalked, flowers with many planes of symmetry, 7.5 (c.) mm long, diameter small (up to10 mm diam.) (c. 6 mm diam.); perianth present, with distinct sepals and petals whorls, inner perianth yellow or orange; 5, free; stamens 100, present (but very short), free of each other, free of the perianth; ovary superior, carpels joined (when more than one), locules 2; styles absent (stigma sessile).

Fruits: Infrutescence single, fruit 25.0-30.0 mm long, 22.0-25.0 mm diam., red or green (pale (immature), not spiny, fleshy (edible), simple, indehiscent, drupe; seeds 1-2, much more than 10 mm long, not winged, broad (as wide as long), seed more than 10 mm diam.

Distribution: Morobe or Milne Bay.

Garcinia maluensis
Botanical records
in PNGplants database

Map details


Notes: Notes Often included in the family Guttiferae.