PNGTreesKey – Fagraea salticola Leenh.


Barry Conn (NSW) & Kipiro Damas (LAE).
Guide to trees of Papua New Guinea
Copyright held by the authors, National Herbarium of New South Wales, and Papua New Guinea National Herbarium

Fagraea salticola Leenh.

Bulletin du Jardin Botanique de l'État. Bulletin van den Rijksplantentuin Vol. 32: 429-430 (1962)

Other Literature: B.J. Conn, Handbooks of the Flora of Papua New Guinea 153-154 (1995) Fig. 33.

Family: Gentianaceae

Timber Group: Non-timber species

Field Characters: Large canopy tree (up to 25 m high) or Small sub-canopy tree; Bole cylindrical or markedly fluted (often 25-40 cm diam.); crooked or straight (bole 7-13 m long); buttresses buttresses absent; spines spines absent; aerial roots aerial roots absent; stilt roots stilt roots absent; Bark grey, dark brown, or almost black, rough, scaly or flaky or fissured; Subrhytidome (under-bark) green; less than 25 mm thick, (2.0-) 5.0-8.0; bark blaze consisting of one layer; faintly to non-aromatic; pleasant; outer blaze pale pink, white, or yellow (pale (straw-coloured), markings absent, fibrous; inner blaze pale pink, white, or yellow (pale (straw-coloured), markings absent, fibrous; bark exudate (sap) present, colourless, not readily flowing (spotty), colour changing on exposure to air, to pale brown, not sticky; terminal buds not enclosed by leaves.

Indumentum: Complex hairs absent; stinging hairs absent; mature twig indumentum (hairs) absent.

Leaves: Leaves spaced along branches, opposite (in pairs, opposite one another on the branchlet), simple (a leaf composed of a single blade); petiole present, not winged, attached to base of leaf blade, not swollen; leaves broadest above middle or broadest at or near middle, (4.0-) 5.0-12.0 (-14.0) cm, (3.0-) 5.0-8.0 (-10.5) cm; symmetric, entire, not dissected or lobed, rounded or rarely obtuse, venation pinnate, secondary veins open, not visible or not prominent, but visible, intramarginal veins absent; leaves lower surface pale green, upper surface dark green, indumentum (hairs) absent; absent; domatia absent; stipules present, joined, joined across twigs, encircling the twig or soon not encircling the twig, collar-like, not fringed, large, persistent.

Flowers: Inflorescence terminal, flowers on an unbranched axis or flowers on a branched axis, cones absent; flowers bisexual, not stalked or stalked, flowers with many planes of symmetry, 25.0-40.0 mm long, diameter large (more than10 mm diam.) (20-25 mm diam.); perianth present, with distinct sepals and petals whorls, inner perianth white (inner surface), yellow (greenish (outer surface), or cream-coloured (inner surface); 5, some or partly joined; stamens 5, present, free of each other, joined to the perianth; ovary superior, carpels joined (when more than one), locules 2; styles solitary, 1.

Fruits: Infrutescence arranged on unbranched axis or arranged on branched axis, fruit 35.0-40.0 mm long, 20.0 (c.) mm diam., orange, red, or brown, not spiny, fleshy, simple, indehiscent, berry; seeds 100 (c.), barely visible (to 1 mm long) (c. 1 mm long), not winged, irregular (irregularly angular), seed 1-10 mm diam. (c. 1 mm diam.).

Distribution: Morobe, Western Highlands, Eastern Highlands, Southern Highlands & Northern.

Fagraea salticola
Botanical records
in PNGplants database

Map details