PNGTreesKey – Cananga odorata (Lam.) Hook.f. & Thomson
Barry Conn (NSW) & Kipiro Damas (LAE).
Guide to trees of Papua New Guinea
Copyright held by the authors, National Herbarium of New South Wales, and Papua New Guinea National Herbarium
Flora Indica Vol. 1: 130 (1855)
Other Literature: D.B. Foreman, Checklist of the Vascular Plants of Bougainville 90-91 (1971) Fig. 91.
Timber Group: Minor hardwood
Field Characters: Large canopy tree (30-35 m high) or Small sub-canopy tree (to 20 m high); Bole cylindrical (50-100 cm diam., sometimes as small as 30 cm); straight (bole 10-30 m long); buttresses buttresses present (sometimes but then, not well-developed) or buttresses absent; spines spines absent; aerial roots aerial roots absent; stilt roots stilt roots absent; Bark dark green, grey (silvery), or reddish brown, rough, pustular (irregular lines of pustules), lenticels elongated vertically; Subrhytidome (under-bark) yellow or green; more than 25 mm thick, 25.0; bark blaze with two layers; faintly to non-aromatic; outer blaze reddish brown or brownish grey, markings absent, fibrous; inner blaze dark yellow or yellowish brown, markings absent or with stripes, fibrous; bark exudate (sap) absent; terminal buds not enclosed by leaves.
Indumentum: Complex hairs absent; stinging hairs absent; mature twig indumentum (hairs) absent.
Leaves: Leaves spaced along branches (sweetly aromatic when crushed), spiral (leaves occurring singly at a node and arranged spirally up the branchlet), simple (a leaf composed of a single blade); petiole present, not winged, attached to base of leaf blade, not swollen; leaves broadest at or near middle, 22.0-25.0 cm, 8.0 (c.) cm; symmetric (to slightly asymmetric), entire, not dissected or lobed, obtuse or acute, venation pinnate, secondary veins open, prominent, intramarginal veins absent; leaves lower surface pale green, upper surface green, indumentum (hairs) absent; absent or present (minute); domatia absent; stipules absent.
Flowers: Inflorescence axillary or on the trunk or branches, flowers on a branched axis, cones absent; flowers bisexual (fragrant), stalked, flowers with many planes of symmetry, 50.0 (c.) mm long, diameter large (more than10 mm diam.) (8-)10-15 mm diam.); perianth present, with distinct sepals and petals whorls, inner perianth yellow or green; 6, free (strap-like); stamens 100, absent, joined (forming a corona after dehiscence), free of the perianth; ovary superior, carpels separate (when more than one), locules 1 (per carpel); styles absent.
Fruits: Infrutescence arranged on branched axis (in umbel-like clusters), fruit 10.0-12.0 mm long, black, not spiny, slightly fleshy, aggregate, indehiscent, berry; seeds 3-15, about 10 mm long, not winged, narrow (longer than wide), seed 1-10 mm diam.
Distribution: West Sepik, East Sepik, Madang, Morobe, Western Highlands, Gulf, Central, Northern, Milne Bay, New Britain, New Ireland, Manus & Bougainville.
in PNGplants database