PNGTreesKey – Toona ciliata M.Roem.
Barry Conn (NSW) & Kipiro Damas (LAE).
Guide to trees of Papua New Guinea
Copyright held by the authors, National Herbarium of New South Wales, and Papua New Guinea National Herbarium
Synops. Monogr. Vol. 1: 139 (1846)
Other Literature: J.M. Edwards, Flora Malesiana, Series 1 366-370
Timber Group: Commercial hardwood Tradename: Red cedar
Field Characters: Large canopy tree (up to 35 m high); Bole cylindrical (up to c. 50 cm diam.); straight (bole up to c. 15 m long); buttresses buttresses present or buttresses absent; spines spines absent; aerial roots aerial roots absent; stilt roots stilt roots absent; Bark white, grey, or greyish brown, rough, scaly or flaky or fissured; Subrhytidome (under-bark) pink or red; less than 25 mm thick, 10.0-12.0; bark blaze consisting of one layer; faintly to non-aromatic; cinnamon-like or pleasant; outer blaze red or brown, markings absent, fibrous; inner blaze red or brown, markings absent, fibrous; bark exudate (sap) present, yellow, not readily flowing (spotty), colour not changing on exposure to air, sticky; terminal buds not enclosed by leaves.
Indumentum: Complex hairs absent; stinging hairs absent; mature twig indumentum (hairs) present, hairs sparse.
Leaves: Leaves spaced along branches, spiral (leaves occurring singly at a node and arranged spirally up the branchlet), compound (a leaf made up from two or more leaflets); petiole present, not winged, attached to base of leaf blade, not swollen; leaves pinnate (unbranched with more than three leaflets); petiolule not swollen; rachis present, absent, absent; leaves without a terminal leaflet (the number of leaflets even - paripinnate), broadest below middle, (7.0-) 9.0-12.0 (-16.0) cm, (2.2-) 3.0-5.0 (-6.0) cm, leaflets opposite, symmetric; venation pinnate, secondary veins open, prominent, intramarginal veins absent; leaves lower surface green, upper surface dull dark green, indumentum (hairs) present, indumentum (hairs) dense; absent; stipules absent.
Flowers: Inflorescence terminal, flowers on a branched axis, cones absent; flowers unisexual, unisexual with male and female flowers on the same plant, stalked, flowers with many planes of symmetry, 3.5-5.0 (-6.0) mm long, diameter small (up to10 mm diam.) (4-5 mm diam.); perianth present, with distinct sepals and petals whorls, inner perianth white, pale yellow, or cream-coloured; 5, free; stamens 5 (male flowers; 5 sterile anthers in female flowers), present, free of each other, free of the perianth; ovary superior, carpels joined (when more than one), locules 5; styles solitary, 1.
Fruits: Infrutescence arranged on branched axis, fruit 15.0-20.0 (-25.0) mm long, red or brown, not spiny, non-fleshy, simple, dehiscent, capsule; seeds many 100, to about 5 mm long (5-7 mm long, excluding wings) or much more than 10 mm long (11-19 mm long, including wings), winged (wings 6-10 mm long, unequal), narrow (longer than wide), seed 1-10 mm diam. (1-3 mm diam.).
Distribution: Morobe, Central & New Britain.
in PNGplants database