PNGTreesKey – Mangifera minor Blume
Barry Conn (NSW) & Kipiro Damas (LAE).
Guide to trees of Papua New Guinea
Copyright held by the authors, National Herbarium of New South Wales, and Papua New Guinea National Herbarium
Museum Botanicum Lugduno-Batavum sive stirpium Exoticarum, Novarum vel Minus Cognitarum ex Vivis aut Siccis Brevis Expositio et Descriptio Vol. 1: 198 (1850)
Other Literature: Ding Hou, Flora Malesiana, Series 1, 428-429 (1978)
Timber Group: Commercial hardwood Tradename: Mango
Field Characters: Large canopy tree (20-35 m high) or Small sub-canopy tree (c. 10 m high); Bole cylindrical (almost up to 50 cm diam.); slightly crooked or straight (bole usually 4-15 m long); buttresses buttresses present (sometimes slightly so); spines spines absent; aerial roots aerial roots absent; stilt roots stilt roots absent; Bark dark grey or brown, rough or almost smooth, fissured (strongly (vertically); Subrhytidome (under-bark) yellow (bright yellow to straw-coloured), orange, or mottled (green); less than 25 mm thick, 80.0 (c.); bark blaze consisting of one layer or faintly with two layers; faintly to non-aromatic; outer blaze pale yellow, markings absent, fibrous; inner blaze yellowish white or yellow (generally paler than outer blaze), markings absent, fibrous; bark exudate (sap) present, white/milky, not readily flowing (spotty), slightly colour changing on exposure to air, to grey (pale (dirty-coloured), sticky; terminal buds not enclosed by leaves.
Indumentum: Complex hairs absent; stinging hairs absent; mature twig indumentum (hairs) absent.
Leaves: Leaves spaced along branches, spiral (leaves occurring singly at a node and arranged spirally up the branchlet), simple (a leaf composed of a single blade); petiole present, not winged, attached to base of leaf blade, not swollen; leaves sometimes broadest above middle or broadest at or near middle, 12.0-19.0 cm, 3.5-5.5 cm; symmetric, entire, not dissected or lobed, obtuse, sub acute, or acuminate, venation pinnate, secondary veins open, prominent, intramarginal veins absent; leaves lower surface green, upper surface dark green, indumentum (hairs) absent; absent; domatia absent; stipules absent.
Flowers: Inflorescence terminal or sometimes axillary, flowers on a branched axis, cones absent; flowers unisexual or bisexual, unisexual with male and female flowers on the same plant (male flowers together with bisexual flowers), stalked, flowers with many planes of symmetry, 5.0-6.0 mm long, diameter small (up to10 mm diam.) (c. 6 mm diameter); perianth present, with distinct sepals and petals whorls, inner perianth yellow (fragrant); 4-5, free; stamens 5, present, free of each other, free of the perianth; ovary superior, carpels joined (when more than one), locules 1; styles solitary, 1.
Fruits: Infrutescence arranged on branched axis, fruit 50.0-110.0 mm long, darkish green, not spiny, fleshy, simple, indehiscent, drupe; seeds 1, much more than 10 mm long (c. 50 mm long), not winged, broad (as wide as long), seed more than 10 mm diam. (c. 40 mm diameter).
Distribution: West Sepik, East Sepik, Madang, Morobe, Western Highlands, Eastern Highlands, Southern Highlands, Western, Gulf, Central, Northern, Milne Bay, Papuan Islands, New Britain & Bougainville.
in PNGplants database