PNGTreesKey – Gymnacranthera farquhariana var. zippeliana (Miq.) R.T.A.Schouten
Barry Conn (NSW) & Kipiro Damas (LAE).
Guide to trees of Papua New Guinea
Copyright held by the authors, National Herbarium of New South Wales, and Papua New Guinea National Herbarium
Blumea Vol. 31: 482 (1986)
Other Literature: D.B. Foreman, Handbooks of the Flora of Papua New Guinea 178-180 (1978) Fig. 18.
Timber Group: Non-timber species
Field Characters: Large canopy tree (10-25 m high) or Small sub-canopy tree; Bole cylindrical (12-20 cm diam.); straight (bole c. 15 m long); buttresses buttresses absent; spines spines absent; aerial roots aerial roots absent; stilt roots stilt roots absent; Bark brownish green, pale red, grey, or brown, slightly rough or smooth, slightly pustular, lenticels elongated vertically; Subrhytidome (under-bark) red or brown; less than 25 mm thick, 5.0-14.0; bark blaze consisting of one layer; faintly to non-aromatic; outer blaze red or brown, markings absent, fibrous; inner blaze red or brown, markings absent, fibrous; bark exudate (sap) present, red or brown, flowing or not readily flowing (spotty), colour not changing on exposure to air, sticky; terminal buds not enclosed by leaves.
Indumentum: Complex hairs absent; stinging hairs absent; mature twig indumentum (hairs) absent.
Leaves: Leaves spaced along branches, spiral (leaves occurring singly at a node and arranged spirally up the branchlet), simple (a leaf composed of a single blade); petiole present, not winged, attached to base of leaf blade, not swollen; leaves slightly broadest above middle or broadest at or near middle, (8.0-) 16.0-21.0 (-27.0) cm, (3.5-) 6.0-8.5 cm; symmetric (to very slightly asymmetric), entire, not dissected or lobed, acuminate, venation pinnate, secondary veins open, prominent, intramarginal veins absent; leaves lower surface pale green (whitish (glaucous), upper surface dark green or dull green, indumentum (hairs) absent; absent; domatia absent; stipules absent.
Flowers: Inflorescence axillary, flowers on a branched axis, cones absent; flowers unisexual, unisexual with male and female flowers on different plants, stalked, flowers with many planes of symmetry, 3.0 (c.) mm long, diameter small (up to10 mm diam.) (2-3 mm diam.); perianth present, with all sepals and/or petals (hence tepals) similar, inner perianth white or green; 3, some or partly joined; stamens 8 (in male flowers), absent, joined, free of the perianth; ovary superior, carpels joined (when more than one), locules 1; styles absent.
Fruits: Infrutescence arranged on branched axis, fruit (15.0-) 20.0-30.0 mm long, yellow or orange, not spiny, fleshy, simple, indehiscent or dehiscent, capsule (by misinterpretation: mostly separating into 2 valves), drupe; seeds 1, about 10 mm long (c. 10 mm long), not winged (seed with bright red aril divided almost to base), broad (as wide as long), seed 1-10 mm diam. (c. 8 mm diam.).
Distribution: West Sepik, Madang, Morobe, Western, Gulf, Central, Northern, Milne Bay, New Britain & New Ireland.
in PNGplants database
Notes: Notes Previously known as Gymnacranthera paniculata (DC.) Warb. Var. zippeliana (Miq.) J.Sinclair.