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PNGTreesKey Endiandra grandiflora Teschner

 

Barry Conn (NSW) & Kipiro Damas (LAE).
Guide to trees of Papua New Guinea
Copyright held by the authors, National Herbarium of New South Wales, and Papua New Guinea National Herbarium

Endiandra grandiflora Teschner

Botanische Jahrbucher für Systematik, Pflanzengeschichte und Pflanzengeographie Vol. 58: 417 (1923)

Family: Lauraceae
Dicotyledon

Timber Group: Minor hardwood

Field Characters: Large canopy tree (up to c. 35 m high); Bole cylindrical (up to c. 80 cm diam.); straight (bole up to c. 20 m long); buttresses buttresses absent; spines spines absent; aerial roots aerial roots absent; stilt roots stilt roots absent; bark exudate (sap) absent; terminal buds not enclosed by leaves.

Indumentum: Complex hairs absent; stinging hairs absent; mature twig indumentum (hairs) present, hairs dense (with reddish brown hairs).

Leaves: Leaves spaced along branches, spiral (leaves occurring singly at a node and arranged spirally up the branchlet) or sub opposite (in pairs, opposite one another on the branchlet), simple (a leaf composed of a single blade); petiole present (short, c. 5 mm long), not winged, attached to base of leaf blade, not swollen; leaves broadest at or near middle, 14.0-18.0 cm, 7.0-12.0 cm; symmetric, entire, not dissected or lobed, slightly acuminate or obtuse, venation pinnate, secondary veins open, prominent, intramarginal veins absent; leaves lower surface brown (caused by reddish brown hairs) or green, upper surface dull dark green, indumentum (hairs) present, indumentum (hairs) dense (on lower surface); absent; domatia absent; stipules absent.

Flowers: Inflorescence axillary, flowers on a branched axis, cones absent; flowers bisexual, stalked, flowers with many planes of symmetry, 2.0-3.0 mm long, diameter small (up to10 mm diam.) (2-3 mm diam.); perianth present (densely hairy), with all sepals and/or petals (hence tepals) similar, inner perianth cream-coloured or brown (pale (caused by brownish hairs); 3 (inner perianth 3, outer perianth 3), free; stamens 3, present, free of each other, free of the perianth; ovary superior, carpels solitary, locules 1; styles solitary, 1.

Fruits: Infrutescence arranged on branched axis, fruit not spiny, slightly fleshy, simple, indehiscent, drupe; seeds 1, much more than 10 mm long, not winged, broad (as wide as long), seed more than 10 mm diam.

Distribution: Morobe.


Endiandra grandiflora
Botanical records
in PNGplants database

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