PNGTreesKey – Calophyllum soulattri Burm.f.
Barry Conn (NSW) & Kipiro Damas (LAE).
Guide to trees of Papua New Guinea
Copyright held by the authors, National Herbarium of New South Wales, and Papua New Guinea National Herbarium
Flora Indica Vol. 2: 121 (1768)
Other Literature: P.F. Stevens, Handbooks of the Flora of Papua New Guinea 103-105 (1995)
Timber Group: Major exportable hardwood
Field Characters: Large canopy tree (up to c. 26 m high) or Small sub-canopy tree (5-10 m high); Bole cylindrical (c. 30 cm diam.); straight (bole up to c. 20 m long); buttresses buttresses absent; spines spines absent; aerial roots aerial roots absent; stilt roots stilt roots absent; Bark yellow when young or brown, rough or smooth (when immature), scaly or flaky (,) or fissured (strongly (more shallowly fissured at higher altitudes); Subrhytidome (under-bark) yellow; less than 25 mm thick, 5.0-8.0; bark blaze consisting of one layer; faintly to non-aromatic; outer blaze pink or pale brown, markings absent, slightly fibrous; inner blaze pink or pale brown, markings absent, slightly fibrous; bark exudate (sap) present, white/milky or yellow, not readily flowing (spotty), colour changing on exposure to air, to yellowish brown, sticky; terminal buds not enclosed by leaves.
Indumentum: Complex hairs absent; stinging hairs absent; mature twig indumentum (hairs) present or absent, hairs dense to sparse.
Leaves: Leaves spaced along branches, opposite (in pairs, opposite one another on the branchlet), simple (a leaf composed of a single blade); petiole present, not winged, attached to base of leaf blade, not swollen; leaves broadest at or near middle, (4.5-) 7.0-29.0 cm, (1.5-) 2.0-10.0 cm; symmetric, entire, not dissected or lobed, acute to acuminate, venation pinnate, secondary veins closed, prominent to not prominent, but visible, intramarginal veins absent; leaves lower surface pale green, upper surface pale green, indumentum (hairs) absent or sometimes present, indumentum (hairs) dense; absent; domatia absent; stipules absent.
Flowers: Inflorescence axillary, flowers on an unbranched axis, cones absent; flowers bisexual?, stalked, flowers with many planes of symmetry, 5.0-9.0 mm long, diameter small (up to10 mm diam.) (5-8 mm diam.); perianth present, with all sepals and/or petals (hence tepals) similar, inner perianth white (with anthers yellow); 4, free; stamens 70-130, present, free of each other, free of the perianth; ovary superior, carpels joined (when more than one), locules 1; styles solitary, 1.
Fruits: Infrutescence arranged on unbranched axis, fruit 20.0 (c.) mm long, dark green, blue, or almost black, not spiny, non-fleshy, simple, indehiscent, drupe; seeds 1, about 10 mm long (7-12 mm long), not winged, broad (as wide as long), seed 1-10 mm diam. (6-12 mm diam.).
Distribution: West Sepik, East Sepik, Madang, Morobe, Western Highlands, Western, Gulf, Central, Northern, Milne Bay, New Britain, Manus & Bougainville.
in PNGplants database
Notes: Notes Often included in the family Guttiferae.