PNGTreesKey – Calophyllum inophyllum L.
Barry Conn (NSW) & Kipiro Damas (LAE).
Guide to trees of Papua New Guinea
Copyright held by the authors, National Herbarium of New South Wales, and Papua New Guinea National Herbarium
Species Plantarum Vol. 1: 513 (1753)
Other Literature: P.F. Stevens, Handbooks of the Flora of Papua New Guinea 80-82 (1995) Fig. 17.
Timber Group: Occasional timber species
Field Characters: Large canopy tree (to 20 m high) or Small sub-canopy tree (up to 12 m high); Bole cylindrical (up to 100 cm diam.); crooked (bole mostly short, 2-5 m long); buttresses buttresses absent (trunk slightly spurred at base); spines spines absent; aerial roots aerial roots absent; stilt roots stilt roots absent; Bark grey, rarely brown, or black, rough, sometimes scaly or flaky, fissured, or cracked when young; Subrhytidome (under-bark) yellow, orange, or red; less than 25 mm thick or more than 25 mm thick, 12.0-50.0; bark blaze consisting of one layer; strongly aromatic; pleasant; outer blaze pale red or rarely brown, markings absent, fibrous; inner blaze pale red or rarely brown, markings absent, fibrous; bark exudate (sap) present, rarely yellow or colourless, not readily flowing (spotty), colour changing on exposure to air, to brown, sticky; terminal buds not enclosed by leaves.
Indumentum: Complex hairs absent; stinging hairs absent; mature twig indumentum (hairs) absent.
Leaves: Leaves spaced along branches, opposite (in pairs, opposite one another on the branchlet), simple (a leaf composed of a single blade); petiole present, not winged, attached to base of leaf blade, not swollen; leaves broadest at or near middle or rarely broadest below middle, (8.5-) 11.0-20.0 cm, 5.5-10.0 cm; symmetric, entire, not dissected or lobed, rounded, venation pinnate, secondary veins closed, prominent, intramarginal veins absent; leaves lower surface green, upper surface green (glossy), indumentum (hairs) absent; absent; domatia absent; stipules absent.
Flowers: Inflorescence axillary, flowers on an unbranched axis, cones absent; flowers bisexual, stalked, flowers with many planes of symmetry, 12.0-20.0 mm long, diameter large (more than10 mm diam.) (15-20 mm diameter); perianth present, with all sepals and/or petals (hence tepals) similar, inner perianth white; 8, free; stamens 210-340, present, free of each other, free of the perianth; ovary superior, carpels joined (when more than one), locules 1; styles solitary, 1.
Fruits: Infrutescence arranged on branched axis, fruit (25.0-) 30.0-70.0 mm long, 20.0-50.0 mm diam., dark blue or brown (greyish (when dry), not spiny, non-fleshy, simple, indehiscent, drupe; seeds 1, to about 5 mm long (2-4 mm long), not winged, broad (as wide as long), seed 1-10 mm diam. (2-3.5 mm diam.).
Distribution: West Sepik, East Sepik, Madang, Morobe, Western, Central, Northern, Milne Bay, Papuan Islands, New Britain, New Ireland & Bougainville.
in PNGplants database
Notes: Notes Often included in the family Guttiferae.